Asset Identification

The GS1 System provides a method for the identification of assets. Best practices may dictate that the trade item manufacturer apply the asset identifier during the manufacturing process. Asset identifiers may be used for simple applications (eg. personal computer). They can also be used for more complex applications such as recording the characteristics of a returnable asset (eg. reusable drum), its movements and its life-cycle history.

There are identification numbers for:
  • individual assets.
  •  returnable assets.

Global Individual Asset Identifier

In the GS1 System, an Individual Asset is considered a physical entity made up of any characteristics.

The Global Individual Asset Identifier (GIAI) is the GS1 Identification Key used to identify a particular physical entity as an asset (eg. aircraft parts).

The GIAI is assigned by the owner of the asset.

The GIAI structure is: 

GS1 Company Prefix >               < Individual Asset Reference >

N1 ... Ni

Xi+1 ... Xj (j <= 30)


Global Returnable Asset Identifier

A returnable asset is a reusable package or transport equipment of a certain value, such as a beer keg, a gas cylinder, a pallet, or a crate. The GS1 Identification Key for a returnable asset, the Global Returnable Asset Identifier (GRAI), enables tracking as well as recording of all relevant data with the individual asset or asset reference. The GRAI is assigned for the lifetime of the asset.

The GRAI is constructed as:

  GS1 Company Prefix >        < Asset Type Check
Digit
Serial Number
(optional)

0

N1

N2

N3

N4

N5

N6

N7

N8

N9

N10

N11

N12

N13

X1 variable X16